image 16 7th semester Pharmacy Practice 7th semester Pharmacy Practice

Welcome to our 7th semester Pharmacy Practice page! Here, we provide valuable resources and insights on the latest developments in the field of pharmacy. Whether you’re a pharmacist, pharmacy technician, or simply interested in learning more about pharmacy practice, we’ve got you covered. Our goal is to keep you informed and up-to-date on the latest trends and best practices in the industry. So, come explore our page and discover everything you need to know about pharmacy practice.

Unit-1

• Hospital and its Organization

Definitions and classification of the hospital- Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary hospital, Classification based on the clinical and non-clinical basis, Organisation structure of a hospital, the medical staff involved in the hospital, and their functions.

• Hospital Pharmacy and its Organization

Definitions and functions of hospital pharmacy, Structure of organizations, Location, Layout and staff requirements, Responsibilities, and functions of hospital Pharmacists.

• Adverse Drug Reactions

Classifications- Excessive Pharmacology effects, Secondary Pharmacological effects, Allergic drug interactions, Idiosyncrasies, Genetically determined toxicity, Toxicity following the sudden withdrawal of drugs.

Drug interaction includes beneficial interactions, adverse reactions, pharmacokinetics drug interactions, and Methods of detecting drug interactions, Spontaneous case reports and record linkage studies, Adverse drug reactions reporting with management.

• Community Pharmacy

Structure and Organisations of retail and wholesale drugs store, Types and design, Legal requirements for establishment and maintenance of the drug store, Dispensing of the proprietary products, Maintenance records of retail and wholesale drug store

Unit-2

• Drug distribution system in a hospital

Dispensing of drugs to inpatients, Types of drug distribution systems, Charging policy and labeling, Dispensing of drugs to ambulatory patients, and Dispensing of controlled drugs.

• Hospital formulary

Definitions, Introduction, Contents of the hospital formulary, Difference of hospital formulary and Drugs lists, Preparation and revisions, Addition and Deletion of the drugs from hospital formulary.

• Therapeutic drug monitoring

Need for the therapeutic drugs monitoring, Factors to be considered during the therapeutic drug monitoring system, Indian scenario for the therapeutic drugs monitoring.

• Medication adherence

Causes of medication non-adherence, Pharmacists’ role in medication adherence, and Monitoring of the patient’s medication adherence.

• Patients medication history interview

Needs for the patient’s medications history interview, and medications interview forms.

• Community Pharmacy management

Community pharmacy includes Materials, financial, staff, and infrastructure requirements.

Unit-3

 Pharmacy and therapeutics committee

These functions, organization, and policies of the pharmacy and therapeutics committee include drugs into the formulary, Inpatient and Outpatient prescription, Automatic stop orders, and emergency drugs list preparation.

• Information services

Drugs and Poison information centers, Sources of the drugs information, Computerized services, Storage, and Retrieval of information.

• Counseling

Definitions of patient counseling, Steps include patient counseling and special cases that require pharmacists.

• Education and training program in the hospital Pharmacy

Hospital Pharmacist’s role in education with training programs, Internal training programs, and External training programs, Services to nursing homes, hospitals, or clinics, Code of ethics in the community hospital pharmacy, Pharmacists’ role in interdepartmental communications, and community health education.

• Prescribed medication order and communication skills

Prescribed medication orders may be interpreted and legal requirements, Communication skills; Communication with the prescribers and patients.

Unit-4

Preparation and implementation

Budget preparation and implementation

• Clinical Pharmacy

Introduction to the Clinical pharmacy, with concepts of the clinical pharmacy, Responsibilities, and functions of the Clinical Pharmacists, Drug therapy monitoring- Medications chart review, Pharmacist intervention, Clinical review, Ward round participation, Medications history, and Pharmaceutical Care.

Drugs Dosing patterns and drug therapy based on Pharmacokinetics and disease patterns.

• Over the Counter (OTC) Sales

Introduction and sale of OTC (Over the Counter), Rational use of the common over-the-counter medications.

Unit-5

• Drug Store Management and Inventory Control

The organization of the drugs store, Types of the materials stocked and storage conditions, Purchase and inventory control- principles, purchase procedures, order, procurement, and stocking, Economic order quantity, Reorder quantity level, Methods used for the analysis of the expenditure of the drugs.

• Investigational use of drugs

Principles, description, classification, control, identification, advisory committee, and role of the hospital pharmacists.

• Interpretation of clinical laboratory tests

Blood chemistry, urinalysis, and hematology.

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