3rd SEMESTER INFECTION CONTROL & SAFETY NOTES
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3rd semester microbiology notes

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Completely Notes Of INFECTION CONTROL & SAFETY NOTES


Unit- 1

HAI (Hospital-acquired Infection)
 Hospital-acquired infection
 Bundle approach

  • Prevention of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
  • Prevention of Surgical Site Infection (SSI)
  • Prevention of Ventilator
  • Associated events (VAE)
  • Prevention of Central Line Associated Blood Stream
    Infection (CLABSI) Surveillance of HAI – Infection
    control team & Infection control committee

Unit- 2

Isolation Precautions and use of
Personal Protective Equipment
(PPE)
 Types of isolation systems, standard
precaution and transmission-based
precautions (Direct Contact,
Droplet, Indirect)
 Epidemiology & Infection
prevention – CDC guidelines
 Effective use of PPE

Unit- 3

Hand Hygiene
 Types of Hand Hygiene.
 Hand washing and use of alcohol hand rub
 Moments of Hand Hygiene
 WHO hand hygiene promotion

Unit- 4

Disinfection and sterilization

Definitions
 Types of disinfection and sterilization
 Environment cleaning
 Equipment Cleaning
 Guides on the use of disinfectants
 Spaulding‘s principle

Unit- 5

Specimen Collection (Review)
 Principle of specimen collection
 Types of specimens
 Collection techniques and special considerations
 Appropriate containers
 Transportation of the sample
 Staff precautions in handling specimens

Unit- 6

BMW (Bio Medical Waste Management)
Laundry management process and infection control and prevention

Waste management process and
infection prevention
 Staff precautions
 Laundry management
 Country ordinance and BMW National guidelines 2017:
Segregation of wastes, Colour coded waste containers, waste collection & storage, Packaging & labeling, Transportation

Unit- 7

Antibiotic stewardship
 Importance of Antibiotic Stewardship
 Anti-Microbial Resistance
 Prevention of MRSA, MDRO in healthcare setting

Unit- 8

Patient Safety Indicators
 Care of Vulnerable patients
 Prevention of Iatrogenic injury
 Care of lines, drains and tubing‘s
 Restrain policy and care – Physical and Chemical
 Blood & blood transfusion policy
 Prevention of IV Complication
 Prevention of Fall
 Prevention of DVT
 Shifting and transporting of patients
 Surgical safety
 Care coordination event related to medication reconciliation and administration
 Prevention of communication errors
 Prevention of HAI
 Documentation Incidents and adverse Events
 Capturing of incidents
 RCA (Root Cause Analysis)
 CAPA (Corrective and Preventive Action)
 Report writing

Unit- 9

IPSG (International Patient safety Goals)
 Identify patient correctly
 Improve effective communication
 Improve the safety of High Alert medication
 Ensure safe surgery
 Reduce the risk of health care associated infection
 Reduce the risk of patient harm resulting from falls
 Reduce the harm associated with clinical alarm system

Unit- 10

Safety protocol
 5S (Sort, Set in order, Shine, Standardize, Sustain)
 Radiation safety
 Laser safety
 Fire safety

  • Types and classification of fire
  • Fire alarms
  • Firefighting equipment
     HAZMAT (Hazardous Materials) safety
  • Types of spill
  • Spillage management
  • MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets)
     Environmental safety
  • Risk assessment
  • Aspect impact analysis
  • Maintenance of Temp and
    Humidity (Department wise)
  • Audits
     Emergency Codes
     Role of Nurses in times of disaster

Unit- 11

Employee Safety Indicators
 Vaccination
 Needle stick injuries (NSI) prevention
 Fall prevention
 Radiation safety
 Annual health check Healthcare Worker Immunization Program and management of occupational exposure
 Occupational health ordinance
 Vaccination program for healthcare staff
 Needle stick injuries and prevention and post-exposure prophylaxis

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